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    Irische Republik

    Irische Republik Inhaltsverzeichnis

    Die Irische Republik (irisch: Poblacht na hÉireann oder Saorstát Éireann) war als ein Vorgänger der heutigen, gegründeten Republik Irland ein. Die Irische Republik war als ein Vorgänger der heutigen, gegründeten Republik Irland ein revolutionärer Staat, der einseitig von irischen Nationalisten ausgerufen wurde, um die Unabhängigkeit Irlands vom Vereinigten Königreich von. englisch Ireland. Häufig wird zur Unterscheidung von Nordirland auch der Begriff Republik Irland verwendet (irisch Poblacht na hÉireann, engl. Republic of Ireland​). Im Jahre trat Irland aus dem Commonwealth aus und nennt sich seitdem Republik Irland. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Vor- und. Bis zur Gründung der irischen Republik durch den Republic of Ireland Act übernahm der irische Präsident keinerlei.

    Irische Republik

    Die Republik Irland (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann oder Saorstát Éireann) war Die Republik behauptete Zuständigkeit über die ganze Insel von Irland, aber. Der Irische Freistaat (irisch: Saorstát Éireann) war von 19der Vorgänger der heutigen Republik Irland. Er umfasste 26 der 32 irischen Grafschaften. Irland ist die zweitgrößte Insel der europäischen Inselgruppe mit dem Namen Britische Inseln und besteht aus der Republik Irland und Nordirland. Nordirland.

    Irische Republik Video

    [Doku] Irlands Küsten 2 Die irische Riviera [HD] It has occasionally been blended with styles such as rock and roll and punk rock. Retrieved 31 August Main article: Politics of the Republic of Ireland. Department of the Taoiseach. There are approximately Bingo Hotline, primary schools in Ireland. The lack of public support for the anti-treaty forces often called the Irregulars and the determination of the government to overcome the Irregulars contributed significantly Spiele. Com their defeat. Irish Times.

    In , the article of the Constitution naming specific religious groups was deleted by the Fifth Amendment in a referendum.

    Article 44 remains in the Constitution: "The State acknowledges that the homage of public worship is due to Almighty God. It shall hold His Name in reverence, and shall respect and honour religion.

    Religious studies was introduced as an optional Junior Certificate subject in Although many schools are run by religious organisations, a secularist trend is occurring among younger generations.

    Ireland's culture was for centuries predominantly Gaelic , and it remains one of the six principal Celtic nations. Following the Anglo-Norman invasion in the 12th century, and gradual British conquest and colonisation beginning in the 16th century, Ireland became influenced by English and Scottish culture.

    Subsequently, Irish culture, though distinct in many aspects, shares characteristics with the Anglosphere , Catholic Europe , and other Celtic regions.

    The Irish diaspora , one of the world's largest and most dispersed, has contributed to the globalisation of Irish culture, producing many prominent figures in art, music, and science.

    Ireland has made a significant contribution to world literature in both the English and Irish languages. Modern Irish fiction began with the publishing of the novel Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift.

    Bram Stoker is best known as the author of the novel Dracula. James Joyce — published his most famous work Ulysses in , which is an interpretation of the Odyssey set in Dublin.

    Edith Somerville continued writing after the death of her partner Martin Ross in Dublin's Annie M. Smithson was one of several authors catering for fans of romantic fiction in the s and s.

    Patricia Lynch was a prolific children's author in the 20th century, while Eoin Colfer 's works were NYT Best Sellers in this genre in the early 21st century.

    The history of Irish theatre begins with the expansion of the English administration in Dublin during the early 17th century, and since then, Ireland has significantly contributed to English drama.

    In its early history, theatrical productions in Ireland tended to serve political purposes, but as more theatres opened and the popular audience grew, a more diverse range of entertainments were staged.

    Many Dublin-based theatres developed links with their London equivalents, and British productions frequently found their way to the Irish stage.

    However, most Irish playwrights went abroad to establish themselves. In the 18th century, Oliver Goldsmith and Richard Brinsley Sheridan were two of the most successful playwrights on the London stage at that time.

    At the beginning of the 20th century, theatre companies dedicated to the staging of Irish plays and the development of writers, directors and performers began to emerge, which allowed many Irish playwrights to learn their trade and establish their reputations in Ireland rather than in Britain or the United States.

    Irish traditional music has remained vibrant, despite globalising cultural forces, and retains many traditional aspects. It has influenced various music genres, such as American country and roots music, and to some extent modern rock.

    It has occasionally been blended with styles such as rock and roll and punk rock. Ireland has also produced many internationally known artists in other genres, such as rock, pop, jazz, and blues.

    Opera Ireland produces large-scale operas in Dublin, the Opera Theatre Company tours its chamber-style operas throughout the country, and the annual Wexford Opera Festival , which promotes lesser-known operas, takes place during October and November.

    Ireland has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest since The phenomenon Riverdance originated as an interval performance during the contest.

    Irish dance can broadly be divided into social dance and performance dance. There are also many stylistic differences between these two forms.

    Irish social dance is a living tradition, and variations in particular dances are found across the country. In some places dances are deliberately modified and new dances are choreographed.

    Performance dance is traditionally referred to as stepdance. Irish stepdance , popularised by the show Riverdance , is notable for its rapid leg movements, with the body and arms being kept largely stationary.

    The solo stepdance is generally characterised by a controlled but not rigid upper body, straight arms, and quick, precise movements of the feet. The solo dances can either be in "soft shoe" or "hard shoe".

    The country instead had an extended period of Iron Age architecture. Christianity introduced simple monastic houses , such as Clonmacnoise , Skellig Michael and Scattery Island.

    A stylistic similarity has been remarked between these double monasteries and those of the Copts of Egypt. Castles were built by the Anglo-Normans during the late 12th century, such as Dublin Castle and Kilkenny Castle , [] and the concept of the planned walled trading town was introduced, which gained legal status and several rights by grant of a Charter under Feudalism.

    These charters specifically governed the design of these towns. These episodes of planned settlement account for the majority of present-day towns throughout the country.

    Gothic cathedrals, such as St Patrick's , were also introduced by the Normans. Beginning with the American designed art deco church at Turner's Cross in , Irish architecture followed the international trend towards modern and sleek building styles since the 20th century.

    The Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland regulates the practice of architecture in the state. All these channels are available on Saorview , the national free-to-air digital terrestrial television service.

    Subscription-based television providers operating in Ireland include Virgin Media and Sky. Supported by the Irish Film Board , the Irish film industry grew significantly since the s, with the promotion of indigenous films as well as the attraction of international productions like Braveheart and Saving Private Ryan.

    A large number of regional and local radio stations are available countrywide. It also operates four national DAB radio stations.

    There are two independent national stations: Today FM and Newstalk. Ireland has a traditionally competitive print media, which is divided into daily national newspapers and weekly regional newspapers, as well as national Sunday editions.

    The strength of the British press is a unique feature of the Irish print media scene, with the availability of a wide selection of British published newspapers and magazines.

    Irish cuisine was traditionally based on meat and dairy products, supplemented with vegetables and seafood. Examples of popular Irish cuisine include boxty , colcannon , coddle , stew , and bacon and cabbage.

    Ireland is known for the full Irish breakfast , which involves a fried or grilled meal generally consisting of rashers, egg, sausage, white and black pudding, and fried tomato.

    Apart from the influence by European and international dishes, there has been an emergence of a new Irish cuisine based on traditional ingredients handled in new ways.

    Shellfish have increased in popularity, especially due to the high quality shellfish available from the country's coastline. The most popular fish include salmon and cod.

    Traditional breads include soda bread and wheaten bread. Barmbrack is a yeasted bread with added sultanas and raisins , traditionally eaten on Halloween.

    Popular everyday beverages among the Irish include tea and coffee. James's Gate in Dublin. Irish whiskey is also popular throughout the country and comes in various forms, including single malt, single grain, and blended whiskey.

    Gaelic football and hurling are the traditional sports of Ireland as well as most popular spectator sports. Other Gaelic games organised by the association include Gaelic handball and rounders.

    Soccer is the third most popular spectator sport and has the highest level of participation. The Irish Rugby Football Union is the governing body of rugby union , which is played at local and international levels on an all-Ireland basis, and has produced players such as Brian O'Driscoll and Ronan O'Gara , who were on the team that won the Grand Slam in The success of the Irish Cricket Team in the Cricket World Cup has led to an increase in the popularity of cricket , which is also administered on an all-Ireland basis by Cricket Ireland.

    Professional domestic matches are played between the major cricket unions of Leinster , Munster , Northern , and North West. Netball is represented by the Ireland national netball team.

    Golf is another popular sport in Ireland, with over courses countrywide. Horse Racing has a very large presence in Ireland, with one of the most influential breeding and racing operations based in the country.

    Racing takes place at courses at The Curragh Racecourse in County Kildare and at Leopardstown Racecourse , racing taking place since the s, but racing taking place as early as the early s.

    Popular race meetings also take place at Galway. Operations include Coolmore Stud and Ballydoyle , the base of Aidan O'Brien arguably one of the world's most successful horse trainers.

    Ireland has produced champion horses such as Galileo , Montjeu , and Sea the Stars. Boxing is Ireland's most successful sport at an Olympic level.

    Administered by the Irish Athletic Boxing Association on an all-Ireland basis, it has gained in popularity as a result of the international success of boxers such as Bernard Dunne , Andy Lee and Katie Taylor.

    The annual Dublin Marathon and Dublin Women's Mini Marathon are two of the most popular athletics events in the country.

    Rugby league is represented by the Ireland national rugby league team and administered by Rugby League Ireland who are full member of the Rugby League European Federation on an all-Ireland basis.

    The profile of Australian rules football has increased in Ireland due to the International rules series that take place annually between Australia and Ireland.

    Baseball and basketball are also emerging sports in Ireland, both of which have an international team representing the island of Ireland.

    Other sports which retain a strong following in Ireland include cycling , greyhound racing , horse riding , motorsport , and softball. Ireland ranks fifth in the world in terms of gender equality.

    Divorce rates in Ireland are very low compared to European Union averages 0. Abortion had been banned throughout the period of the Irish state, first through provisions of the Offences Against the Person Act and later by the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act The right to life of the unborn was protected in the constitution by the Eighth Amendment in ; this provision was removed following a referendum , and replaced it with a provision allowing legislation to regulate the termination of pregnancy.

    The Health Regulation of Termination of Pregnancy Act passed later that year provided for abortion generally during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, and in specified circumstances after that date.

    Capital punishment is constitutionally banned in Ireland, while discrimination based on age, gender, sexual orientation, marital or familial status, religion, race or membership of the travelling community is illegal.

    The legislation which outlawed homosexual acts was repealed in Ireland became the first country in the world to introduce an environmental levy for plastic shopping bags in and a public smoking ban in Recycling in Ireland is carried out extensively, and Ireland has the second highest rate of packaging recycling in the European Union.

    It was the first country in Europe to ban incandescent lightbulbs in and the first EU country to ban in-store tobacco advertising and product display in The state shares many symbols with the island of Ireland.

    These include the colours green and blue , animals such as the Irish wolfhound and stags , structures such as round towers and celtic crosses , and designs such as Celtic knots and spirals.

    The shamrock , a type of clover , has been a national symbol of Ireland since the 17th century when it became customary to wear it as a symbol on St.

    Patrick's Day. These symbols are used by state institutions as well as private bodies in the Republic of Ireland. The flag of Ireland is a tricolour of green, white and orange.

    The flag originates with the Young Ireland movement of the midth century but was not popularised until its use during the Easter Rising of A naval jack , a green flag with a yellow harp, is set out in Defence Forces Regulations and flown from the bows of warships in addition to the national flag in limited circumstances e.

    It is based on the unofficial green ensign of Ireland used in the 18th and 19th centuries and the traditional green flag of Ireland dating from the 16th century.

    Although originally published in English in , [] the song was translated into Irish in and the Irish-language version is more commonly sung today. The arms of Ireland originate as the arms of the monarchs of Ireland and was recorded as the arms of the King of Ireland in the 12th century.

    From the union of the crowns of England , Scotland and Ireland in , they have appeared quartered on the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom.

    Today, they are the personal arms of the President of Ireland whilst he or she is in office and are flown as the presidential standard.

    The harp symbol is used extensively by the state to mark official documents, Irish coinage and on the seal of the President of Ireland.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country in Europe on the island of Ireland. This article is about the sovereign state. For other uses, see Ireland disambiguation.

    Ireland [a]. Irish [b] English [1]. Main article: Names of the Irish state. Main article: History of the Republic of Ireland.

    For the history of the entire island, see History of Ireland. Main article: Home Rule movement. Main article: Irish Civil War.

    Main article: Geography of Ireland. Main article: Climate of Ireland. Main article: Politics of the Republic of Ireland.

    Main article: Local government in the Republic of Ireland. Main article: Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland. Main article: Defence Forces Ireland.

    See also: Irish neutrality. Main article: Economy of the Republic of Ireland. See also: Corporation tax in the Republic of Ireland.

    Main article: Energy in Ireland. Main article: Demographics of the Republic of Ireland. See also: Irish population analysis. See also: List of urban areas in the Republic of Ireland by population.

    Main article: Healthcare in the Republic of Ireland. Main article: Education in the Republic of Ireland. Main article: Religion in the Republic of Ireland.

    Main article: Culture of Ireland. Main article: Irish literature. Main articles: Irish music and Irish dance. Main article: Architecture of Ireland. Main article: Media of the Republic of Ireland.

    See also: Irish cuisine and List of Irish dishes. Main article: Sport in Ireland. Further information: Symbols of the Republic of Ireland.

    Ireland portal. The euro was introduced as an accounting currency in Office of the Attorney-General. Retrieved 18 February Retrieved 28 April Central Statistics Office.

    Retrieved 5 January International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 8 January United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December Politics in the Republic of Ireland.

    Retrieved 2 May Prakke; C. Kortmann; J. World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 29 August The Legatum Institute.

    Retrieved 7 June The Guardian. Retrieved 30 March Financial Times. Retrieved 15 December Retrieved 29 December The Irish Revolution, — Retrieved 12 February Studies in the History of Tax Law.

    Hart Publishing. Western Europe. Lonely Planet. R Fighting for Ireland? Irish Economic and Social History.

    XI : — Retrieved 6 September A History of Ulster. Blackstaff Press. Ireland in the 20th Century. Random House. Department of the Taoiseach.

    Archived from the original on 10 August Waterford County Museum. Heresy: the Battle of Ideas in Modern Ireland.

    Belfast: Blackstaff Press. Both the new Irish Republic and the labour movement were sympathetic to the new soviet regime in Russia. Archived from the original on 15 April Retrieved 9 July Archived from the original on 21 July Irish Statute Book.

    Cottrell, Peter The Irish Civil War — Osprey Publishing. Whelan, Darius June Retrieved 11 September John T.

    January Journal of British Studies. After the enactment of the External Relations Act and the Constitution, Ireland's only remaining link with the crown had been the accreditation of diplomats.

    The president of Ireland was the head of state. When opposition deputies asked de Valera whether Ireland was a republic—a favorite pastime in the mids—he tended to resort to dictionary definitions showing that Ireland had all the attributes of a republic.

    The Emergency: Neutral Ireland — Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. In Hill, J. A New History of Ireland.

    Volume VII: Ireland, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 6 August The Republic of Ireland Act, I hope we will be able to work as efficiently as the Irish Republic has done.

    Similar translations Similar translations for "Irische Republik" in English. English Hibernian.

    English Irish. Republik noun. English republic commonwealth. Das Gerichtssystem der Republik bestand aus einem Netzwerk an sog. Pat McCartan in Washington, D.

    Die einzige ausländische Anerkennung erfolgte durch die Russische Sozialistische Föderative Sowjetrepublik unter Lenin , die sich vom Finanzministerium von Michael Collins Geld lieh und dies in zaristischen Kronjuwelen zurückzahlte.

    Dies war ein kurzer Aufschwung zur sozialistischen Seite innerhalb der republikanischen Bewegung. Die Irische Republik wurde niemals offiziell von der britischen Regierung anerkannt.

    Doch Lloyd George weigerte sich, die Verhandlungen als Gespräche zwischen zwei souveränen Staaten anzusehen, sondern sah die Abgesandten als Repräsentanten der irischen Bevölkerung.

    Während der Übergangszeit zum Irischen Freistaat übertrug die britische Regierung die Staatsgewalt auch an die provisorische irische Regierung und nicht an das Ministeramt der Irischen Republik.

    Dies war ebenfalls mehr eine Bemühung der britischen Regierung, ihr Gesicht zu wahren, denn beide Ämter waren in der Praxis nahezu identisch.

    Doch die Irische Republik war noch nicht verschwunden, denn ihre Institutionen agierten weiterhin und parallel zu denen der provisorischen Autorität.

    Dezember trat die Verfassung des Freistaates in Kraft und beendete somit offiziell die Existenz sowohl der provisorischen Regierung als auch die der Irischen Republik.

    Dies Ziel wurde letztendlich durch die Teilung verfehlt, doch ebnete die Republik den Weg zum Freistaat, aus dem eine unabhängige, selbständige Republik wurde, die Republik Irland.

    Seit dem irischen Bürgerkrieg von bis war die Irische Republik ein wichtiges Symbol für radikale Republikaner.

    Vor allem die Vertragsgegner wehrten sich gegen die bestehende Rolle des britischen Königs im Irischen Freistaat.

    Irische Republik Essay, 2009

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